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The geographical location and diverse terrain of Bulgaria characterise it as one of the most hail-stormy countries in Europe.

Hail is a weather phenomenon, detrimental to the agricultural crops.

The Bulgarian hail suppression system was set up in 1968 as a structure of the Ministry of Agriculture. The Hail Suppression Agency now protects an area of 17 000 sq. km in the regions where hail damages have turned out to be the strongest: the districts of Vidin, Montana, Vratsa, Pleven, Pazardjik, Plovdiv, Stara Zagora and Sliven.

The Agency carries out its activities by monitoring the weather conditions using MRL5-IRIS Doppler radars and cloud seeding.

Real time meteorological radar information is transferred to the National Civil Protection Service and the Air Force.

Weather information

Vratsa (Bardarski geran)
Sliven (Staro selo)
Plovdiv (Golyam Chardak)
Plovdiv (Popovitsa)
Montana (Dolno Tserovene)


Weather information
depending on the radar reflectivity

No precipitation, ground clutter
Light rain
Moderate rain
Moderate to heavy rain, lightning possible
Heavy rain; small granular hail possible
Very heavy rain; pea to marble sized hail possible
Very heavy rain and hail; marble size hail possible
Very heavy rain and hail; large hail possible